Summary of Study ST001175

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000787. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8Z97B This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


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Study IDST001175
Study TitleMulti-omics analysis demonstrates unique mode of action of a potent new antimalarial compound, JPC-3210, against Plasmodium falciparum
Study SummaryThe increasing incidence of antimalarial drug resistance to the first-line artemisinins, and their combination partner drugs, underpins an urgent need for new antimalarial drugs, ideally with a novel mechanism of action. The recently developed 2-aminomethylphenol, JPC-3210, (MMV 892646) is an erythrocytic schizonticide with potent in vitro antimalarial activity against multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, low cytotoxicity, potent in vivo efficacy against murine malaria, and favourable preclinical pharmacokinetics, including a lengthy plasma elimination half-life. This study demonstrates the application of a “multi-omics” workflow based on high resolution orbitrap mass spectrometry to investigate the impact of JPC-3210 on biochemical pathways within P. falciparum infected red blood cells. Metabolomics and peptidomics analysis revealed a perturbation in hemoglobin metabolism following JPC-3210 exposure. The metabolomics data demonstrated a depletion in short hemoglobin-derived peptides, while peptidomics analysis showed a depletion in longer hemoglobin-derived peptides. In order to further elucidate the mechanism responsible for inhibition of hemoglobin metabolism, we used in vitro β-hematin polymerisation assays and showed JPC-3210 to be an intermediate inhibitor of β-hematin polymerisation, about 10-fold less potent then the quinoline antimalarials. Furthermore, quantitative proteomics analysis showed that JPC-3210 treatment results in a distinct proteomic signature in comparison to other known antimalarials. Whilst JPC-3210 clustered closely with mefloquine in the metabolomics and proteomics analyses, a key differentiating signature for JPC-3210 was the significant enrichment of parasite proteins involved in regulation of translation. In conclusion, multi-omics studies using high resolution mass spectrometry revealed JPC-3210 to possess a unique mechanism of action involving inhibition of hemoglobin digestion, depletion of DNA replication and synthesis proteins, and elevation of regulators of protein translation. Importantly, this mechanism is distinct from currently-used antimalarials, suggesting that JPC-3210 warrants further investigation as a potentially useful new antimalarial agent.
Monash University
Last NameSiddiqui
First NameGhizal
Address381 Royal Parade, Parkville
Submit Date2019-04-25
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)raw(Thermo)
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2019-05-15
Release Version1
Ghizal Siddiqui Ghizal Siddiqui application/zip

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Combined analysis:

Analysis ID AN001950 AN001951
Analysis type MS MS
Chromatography type HILIC HILIC
Chromatography system Thermo Dionex Ultimate 3000 Thermo Dionex Ultimate 3000
Column ZIC-pHILIC (150 x 4.6mm,5um) ZIC-pHILIC (150 x 4.6mm,5um)
MS instrument type Orbitrap Orbitrap
MS instrument name Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap
Units Signal Intensity Signal Intensity


Chromatography ID:CH001414
Chromatography Summary:Briefly, samples (10 μL) were injected onto a Dionex RSLC U3000 LC system (Thermo) fitted with a ZIC-pHILIC column (5 μm particle size, 4.6 by 150 mm; Merck) and 20 mM ammonium carbonate (A) and acetonitrile (B) were used as the mobile phases. A 30 min gradient starting from 80% B to 40% B over 20 min, followed by washing at 5% B for 3 min and re-equilibration at 80% B, was used.
Instrument Name:Thermo Dionex Ultimate 3000
Column Name:ZIC-pHILIC (150 x 4.6mm,5um)
Flow Gradient:A 30 min gradient starting from 80% B to 40% B over 20 min, followed by washing at 5% B for 3 min and re-equilibration at 80% B, was used.
Solvent A:100% water; 20 mM ammonium carbonate
Solvent B:100% acetonitrile
Chromatography Type:HILIC