Summary of Study ST002218

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001408. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8QM6W This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


Perform statistical analysis  |  Show all samples  |  Show named metabolites  |  Download named metabolite data  
Download mwTab file (text)   |  Download mwTab file(JSON)   |  Download data files (Contains raw data)
Study IDST002218
Study TitleEffect of Hira loss in the metabolic landscape of Fh1-deficient cells Part 2
Study SummaryTumour initiation and progression requires the metabolic rewiring of cancer cells. Fumarate hydratase (FH), a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyses the reversible hydration of fumarate to malate in the TCA cycle, has been identified as a bona fide tumour suppressor . FH loss predisposes to Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma (HLRCC), a cancer syndrome characterized by the presence of benign tumours of the skin and uterus, and a highly aggressive form of renal cancer. Its loss leads to aberrant accumulation of fumarate, an oncometabolite that drives malignant transformation . Even though the link between FH loss, fumarate accumulation and HLRCC is well-known, the associated tumorigenic mechanism is it is still not fully understood. Indeed, although HLRCC tumours metastasize even when small, Fh1-deficient mice develop premalignant cysts in the kidneys, rather than overt carcinomas. Interestingly, these cysts are positive for the key tumour suppressor p21. Since p21 expression is a central trigger of cellular senescence, it is postulated that this process could be an obstacle for tumorigenesis in Fh1-deficient cells. Consistent with this hypothesis, HLRCC patients harbour the epigenetic suppression of p16, another key player of senescence. Here, we have confirmed that additional oncogenic events independent from a senescence bypass are required to allow full-blown transformation in FH deficient cells. Moreover, a genome wide CRISPR/Cas9 screen identified HIRA as a target that, when ablated, increases proliferation and invasion in Fh1-deficient cells. Moreover, Fh1 and Hira-deficient cells lead to the development of tumours and invasive features in the kidney in vivo. Strikingly, Hira depletion in Fh1 deficient cells controls the activation of a MYC and E2F-dependent transcriptional and metabolic program, which is known to play different oncogenic roles during tumour initiation and progression. Of note, the activation of these programs is independent of H3.3 deposition into the chromatin, known to be controlled by HIRA. Overall, we have identified a novel oncogenic event occurring in FH deficient tumours, which will be instrumental for understanding mechanisms of tumorigenesis in HLRCC and the development of targeted treatments. Part 2 of this study emoployed a second FH-null clone to complement Part 1 of the study.
CECAD Research Center
Last NameYang
First NameMing
AddressJoseph-Stelzmann-Straße 26, Köln, Koeln, 50931, Germany
Submit Date2022-07-06
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)raw(Thermo)
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2022-07-28
Release Version1
Ming Yang Ming Yang application/zip

Select appropriate tab below to view additional metadata details:

Combined analysis:

Analysis ID AN003627
Analysis type MS
Chromatography type HILIC
Chromatography system Thermo Dionex Ultimate 3000
Column SeQuant ZIC-pHILIC (150 x 2.1mm,5um)
MS instrument type Orbitrap
MS instrument name Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap
Units peak area


MS ID:MS003378
Analysis ID:AN003627
Instrument Name:Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap
Instrument Type:Orbitrap
MS Comments:Metabolites were measured with a Thermo Scientific Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap Mass spectrometer (HRMS) coupled to a Dionex Ultimate 3000 UHPLC. The mass spectrometer was operated in full-scan, polarity-switching mode, with the spray voltage set to +4.5 kV/-3.5 kV, the heated capillary held at 320 °C, and the auxiliary gas heater held at 280 °C. The sheath gas flow was set to 55 units, the auxiliary gas flow was set to 15 units, and the sweep gas flow was set to 0 unit. HRMS data acquisition was performed in a range of m/z = 70–900, with the resolution set at 70,000, the AGC target at 1 × 106, and the maximum injection time (Max IT) at 120 ms. Metabolite identities were confirmed using two parameters: (1) precursor ion m/z was matched within 5 ppm of theoretical mass predicted by the chemical formula; (2) the retention time of metabolites was within 5% of the retention time of a purified standard run with the same chromatographic method. Chromatogram review and peak area integration were performed using the Thermo Fisher software Tracefinder 5.0 and the peak area for each detected metabolite was normalized against the total ion count (TIC) of that sample to correct any variations introduced from sample handling through instrument analysis. The normalized areas were used as variables for further statistical data analysis.