Summary of study ST000390

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench, https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000305. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8PG66 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.

See: https://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/about/howtocite.php

This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST000390
Study TitleMetabolomic markers of altered nucleotide metabolism in early stage adenocarcinoma (part I)
Study SummaryLung cancer has been the leading cause of cancer death in the United States and worldwide for many decades. Low dose spiral computerized tomography (LDCT) is likely to become the first approved screening and early detection test in the upcoming year, but it is plagued by a high false-positive rate. There is a need to develop complementary screening and early detection tools. A blood-based "lung cancer" signature is an attractive solution. Given that our knowledge of the molecular biology of smoking-induced lung cancer has dramatically increased over the past few years, this approach is plausible. To date, this effort has been focused on the identification of genomic and proteomic signatures with limited success. A broader strategy that incorporates additional cancer traits is needed. It is well recognized that wide coverage of cellular metabolism in cancer could help provide valuable diagnostic biomarkers and potentially identify molecular drivers of tumorigenesis. Recent advances in mass spectrometry have enabled comprehensive metabolomic analyses of lipids, carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleotides within a variety of biologic matrices. Early evidence from metabolomic investigation of cancer has identified many altered biochemical profiles. However, to date, there have been few investigations of lung cancer, and most studies have looked at blood plasma or were limited by small sample sizes with mixed histologies. In the current investigation, gas chromatography time-offlight mass spectrometry (GC-TOF) was used to measure 462 lipid, carbohydrate, amino acid, organic acid, and nucleotide metabolites in 39 malignant and nonmalignant lung tissue pairs from current or former smokers with early stage adenocarcinoma. This study cohort represents patient characteristics and tumor histology most likely to be detected with LDCT screening. We hypothesize that identification of cancer-induced cellular and tissue level biochemical changes can offer a robust method for identification of candidate circulating biomarkers and improve our understanding of biochemical changes involved in adenocarcinoma tumorigenesis.
Institute
University of California, Davis
DepartmentGenome and Biomedical Sciences Facility
LaboratoryWCMC Metabolomics Core
Last NameFiehn
First NameOliver
Address1315 Genome and Biomedical Sciences Facility, 451 Health Sciences Drive, Davis, CA 95616
Emailofiehn@ucdavis.edu
Phone(530) 754-8258
Submit Date2016-05-06
Publicationsdoi: 10.1158/1940-6207
Raw Data AvailableYes
Analysis Type DetailGC-MS
Release Date2016-06-18
Release Version2
Release CommentsUpdated study design factors
Oliver Fiehn Oliver Fiehn
https://dx.doi.org/10.21228/M8PG66
ftp://www.metabolomicsworkbench.org/Studies/ application/zip

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Sample Preparation:

Sampleprep ID:SP000418
Sampleprep Summary:1. Switch on bath to pre-cool at –20°C (±2°C validity temperature range) 2. Gently rotate or aspirate the blood samples for about 10s to obtain a homogenised sample. 3. Aliquot 30μl of plasma sample to a 1.0 mL extraction solution. The extraction solution has to be prechilled using the ThermoElectron Neslab RTE 740 cooling bath set to -20°C. 4. Vortex the sample for about 10s and shake for 5 min at 4°C using the Orbital Mixing Chilling/Heating Plate. If you are using more than one sample, keep the rest of the sample on ice (chilled at <0°C with sodium chloride). 5. Centrifuge samples for 2min at 14000 rcf using the centrifuge Eppendorf 5415 D. 6. Aliquot two 450μL portions of the supernatant. One for analysis and one for a backup sample. Store the backup aliquot in -20°C freezer. 7. Evaporate one 450μL aliquots of the sample in the Labconco Centrivap cold trap concentrator to complete dryness. 8. The dried aliquot is then re-suspended with 450 μL 50% acetonitrile (degassed as given above). 9. Centrifuged for 2 min at 14000 rcf using the centrifuge Eppendorf 5415. 10. Remove supernatant to a new Eppendorf tube. 11. Evaporate the supernatant to dryness in the Labconco Centrivap cold trap concentrator. 12. Submit to derivatization.
Sampleprep Protocol Filename:SOP_blood-GCTOF-11082012.pdf
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