Summary of Study ST002108

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001335. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M85416 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST002108
Study TitleGenetic and chemical validation of Plasmodium falciparum aminopeptidase PfA-M17 as a drug target in the hemoglobin digestion pathway (Part 3)
Study SummaryPlasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of malaria, continues to remain a global health threat since these parasites are now resistant to all anti-malaria drugs used throughout the world. Accordingly, drugs with novel modes of action are desperately required to combat malaria. P. falciparum parasites infect human red blood cells where they digest the hosts main protein constituent, hemoglobin. Leucine aminopeptidase PfA-M17 is one of several aminopeptidases that have been implicated in the last step of this digestive pathway. Here we utilize both reverse genetics and a compound specifically designed to inhibit the activity of PfA-M17 to show that PfA-M17 is essential for P. falciparum survival as it provides parasites with free amino acids for growth, many of which are highly likely to originate from hemoglobin. We further show that our inhibitor is on-target for PfA-M17 and has the ability to kill parasites at nanomolar concentrations. Thus, in contrast to other hemoglobin-degrading proteases that have overlapping redundant functions, we validate PfA-M17 as a potential novel drug target.
Monash University
Last NameSiddiqui
First NameGhizal
Address381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria, 3052, Australia
Submit Date2022-03-17
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)raw(Thermo)
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2022-04-04
Release Version1
Ghizal Siddiqui Ghizal Siddiqui application/zip

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Collection ID:CO002186
Collection Summary:Pf3D7 cultures underwent double sorbitol synchronization 14 h apart, followed by further incubation for 28-42 h to achieve the desired trophozoite stage (28 hpi) at 6% parasitaemia and 2% hematocrit. Infected RBCs (2x108) were treated with 10x the EC50 of compound 3 for 1 h, after which metabolites were extracted. During the drug incubation period parasites were at 37°C under a gas atmosphere of 94% N2, 5% CO2 and 1% O2. All samples were centrifuged at 650 g for 3 min, the supernatant was removed, and the pellet washed in 500 µL of ice-cold PBS. Samples were again centrifuged at 650 g for 3 min and pellets were resuspended in 150 µL of ice-cold extraction buffer (100% methanol) and quickly resuspended. The samples were then incubated on a vortex mixer for 1 h at 4°C before being centrifuged at 17,000 g for 10 min; from this 100 µL of supernatant was collected and stored at -80°C until analysis. For each sample, another 10 µL was collected and pooled, to serve as a quality control (QC) sample.
Sample Type:Blood (whole)