Summary of Study ST000916

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000633. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M8V961 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


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Study IDST000916
Study TitleBiomarkers of NAFLD progression: a lipidomics approach to an epidemic. Part 2:Plasma
Study TypeLipidomics Study
Study SummaryThe spectrum of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), and cirrhosis. Recognition and timely diagnosis of these different stages, particularly NASH, is important for both potential reversibility and limitation of complications. Liver biopsy remains the clinical standard for definitive diagnosis. Diagnostic tools minimizing the need for invasive procedures or that add information to histologic data are important in novel management strategies for the growing epidemic of NAFLD. We describe an 'omics' approach to detecting a reproducible signature of lipid metabolites, aqueous intracellular metabolites, SNPs, and mRNA transcripts in a double-blinded study of patients with different stages of NAFLD that involves profiling liver biopsies, plasma, and urine samples. Using linear discriminant analysis, a panel of 20 plasma metabolites that includes glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, sterols, and various aqueous small molecular weight components involved in cellular metabolic pathways, can be used to differentiate between NASH and steatosis. This identification of differential biomolecular signatures has the potential to improve clinical diagnosis and facilitate therapeutic intervention of NAFLD.
Last NameFahy
First NameEoin
Address9500 Gilman, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA
Submit Date2018-01-14
Raw Data AvailableYes
Analysis Type DetailGC-MS/LC-MS
Release Date2018-04-05
Release Version1
Eoin Fahy Eoin Fahy application/zip

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Combined analysis:

Analysis ID AN001491 AN001492 AN001493 AN001494 AN001495 AN001496
Analysis type MS MS MS MS MS MS
Chromatography type Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Chromatography system Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple
Column Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple Multiple
MS Type Other Other Other Other Other Other
MS instrument type - - - - - -
MS instrument name
Units pmol/ml nmol/ml pmol/ml nmol/ml pmol/ml pmol/ml


Chromatography ID:CH001048
Chromatography Summary:FFAs were analyzed by stable isotope dilution GC-MS after derivatization, essentially as described previously (26, 27). This method quantifies 33 FAs including all major and minor saturated FAs, monounsaturated FAs, and PUFAs containing 12 to 26 carbons. Eicosanoids were analyzed by a stable isotope dilution LC/MS method utilizing 26 deuterated internal standards (28, 29). The metabolites were quantified after separation by reverse phase chromatography on a 2.1 × 100 mm BEH Shield column, 1.7 µM (Waters, Milford, MA) employing an Acquity UPLC system (Waters). Detection and quantification were performed on an AB SCIEX 6500 QTrap mass spectrometer equipped with an IonDrive Turbo V source (AB SCIEX, Framingham, MA), operated in negative ionization mode via MRM, using standard curves generated from 145 authentic quantification standards (34). The method analyzes an additional 13 metabolites based on authentic primary standards, but which cannot be quantified due to the lack of appropriate internal standards. Data analysis was performed using MultiQuant 2.1 software (AB SCIEX). 26. Quehenberger O., Armando A., Dumlao D., Stephens D. L., Dennis E. A. 2008. Lipidomics analysis of essential fatty acids in macrophages. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids. 79: 123-129. 27. Quehenberger O., Armando A. M., Dennis E. A. 2011. High sensitivity quantitative lipidomics analysis of fatty acids in biological samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1811: 648-656.
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified
Chromatography ID:CH001049
Chromatography Summary:Sterols and oxysterols were measured using methods previously described (30). Plasma total cholesterol was measured using a Vitros 250 chemistry system (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics, Rochester, NY). Plasma free cholesterol and liver free and total cholesterol were measured using methods adapted from (30). 30. McDonald J. G., Smith D. D., Stiles A. R., Russell D. W. 2012. A comprehensive method for extraction and quantitative analysis of sterols and secosteroids from human plasma. J. Lipid Res. 53: 1399-1409.
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified
Chromatography ID:CH001050
Chromatography Summary:Cardiolipin analysis was achieved with normal phase LC coupled with high-resolution MS performed on a TripleTOF 5600 system (AB SCIEX, Foster City, CA) (24). Dolichol and coenzyme Q were analyzed by reverse phase LC coupled with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) MS utilizing a 4000 Q-Trap hybrid triple quadrupole linear ion-trap mass spectrometer (AB SCIEX) (22, 23). For dolichol analysis, MRM was performed in negative ion mode, with the precursor ions being the (M+acetate)- adduct ions and the product ions being the acetate ions (m/z 59). For coenzyme Q analysis, MRM was carried out in positive ion mode, with ammonium adducts (M+NH4)+ as precursor ions and the proton adducts of the quinone ring of coenzyme Q (m/z 197) as product ions. For quantitation, an internal standard mixture composed of a cardiolipin mix (Avanti Polar Lipids, Inc.), nor-dolichol (13-22) (Avanti Polar Lipids, Inc.), and yeast coenzyme Q6 (Sigma) was added during the first step of lipid extraction (22). 22. Quehenberger O., Armando A. M., Brown H. A., Milne S. B., Myers D. S., Merrill A. H., Jr, Bandyopadhyay S., Jones K. N., Kelly S., Shaner R. L., et al. 2010. Lipidomics reveals a remarkable diversity of lipids in human plasma. J. Lipid Res. 51: 3299-3305. 23. Guan Z., Li S., Smith D., Shaw W., Raetz C. 2007. Identification of N-acylphosphatidylserine molecules in eukaryotic cells. Biochemistry. 46: 14500-14513. 24. Tan B. K., Bogdanov M., Zhao J., Dowhan W., Raetz C. R., Guan Z. 2012. Discovery of cardiolipin synthase utilizing phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol as substrates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 109: 16504-16509.
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified
Chromatography ID:CH001051
Chromatography Summary:The organic solvent extraction layer containing CEs, TAGs, and DAGs was taken to dryness, then derivatized with 2,5-difluorophenylisocyanate to convert DAGs to urethane derivatives (35). The derivatized extract was separated by normal phase LC as previously described (35). The CEs eluting first from the LC column were detected by 20 specific MRM transitions corresponding to each [M+NH4]+ ion being collisionally activated to m/z 369.3. During elution of TAGs, the mass spectrometer was set to carry out full mass scanning from m/z 400-1,000. The DAGs were detected by neutral loss scanning of 190 Da. 35. Leiker T. J., Barkley R. M., Murphy R. C. 2011. Analysis of diacylglycerol molecular species in cellular lipid extracts by normal-phase LC-electrospray mass spectrometry. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 305: 103-109
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified
Chromatography ID:CH001052
Chromatography Summary:Sphingolipids were analyzed by LC-MS/MS essentially as described in (32, 33) with minor modifications to include the 1-deoxy-sphingolipids as generally described in (36). 32. Shaner R. L., Allegood J. C., Park H., Wang E., Kelly S., Haynes C. A., Sullards M. C., Merrill A. H., Jr 2009. Quantitative analysis of sphingolipids for lipidomics using triple quadrupole and quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometers. J. Lipid Res. 50: 1692-1707. 33. Sullards M. C., Liu Y., Chen Y., Merrill A. H., Jr 2011. Analysis of mammalian sphingolipids by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and tissue imaging mass spectrometry (TIMS). Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1811: 838-853. 36. Zitomer N. C., Mitchell T., Voss K. A., Bondy G. S., Pruett S. T., Garnier-Amblard E. C., Liebeskind L. S., Park H., Wang E., Sullards M. C., et al. 2009. Ceramide synthase inhibition by fumonisin B1 causes accumulation of 1-deoxysphinganine: a novel category of bioactive 1-deoxysphingoid bases and 1-deoxydihydroceramides biosynthesized by mammalian cell lines and animals. J. Biol. Chem. 284: 4786-4795.
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified
Chromatography ID:CH001053
Chromatography Summary:Extracted GPLs from liver and plasma were analyzed by MS, as described elsewhere (20, 21). 20. Ivanova P. T., Milne S. B., Byrne M. O., Xiang Y., Brown H. A. 2007. Glycerophospholipid identification and quantitation by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Methods Enzymol. 432: 21-57. 21. Myers D. S., Ivanova P. T., Milne S. B., Brown H. A. 2011. Quantitative analysis of glycerophospholipids by LC-MS: acquisition, data handling, and interpretation. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1811: 748-757.
Instrument Name:Multiple
Column Name:Multiple
Chromatography Type:Unspecified