Summary of Study ST002878

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001761. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M83139 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST002878
Study TitleAtlas of fetal metabolism during mid-to-late gestation and diabetic pregnancy. Dynamic Labelling experiment.
Study SummaryMounting evidence supports an instructive role for metabolism in stem cell fate decisions. However, much is yet unknown about how fetal metabolism changes during mammalian development and how altered maternal metabolism shapes fetal metabolism. Here, we present a descriptive atlas of in vivo fetal murine metabolism during mid-to-late gestation in normal and diabetic pregnancy. Using 13C-glucose and LC-MS, we profiled the metabolism of fetal brains, hearts, livers, and placentas harvested from pregnant dams between embryonic days (E)10.5 and 18.5. Comparative analysis of our large metabolomics dataset revealed metabolic features specific to fetal tissues developed under a hyperglycemic environment as well as metabolic signatures that may denote developmental transitions during euglycemic development. We observed sorbitol accumulation in fetal tissues and altered neurotransmitter levels in fetal brains isolated from dams with maternal hyperglycemia. Tracing 13C-glucose revealed disparate nutrient sourcing in fetuses depending on maternal glycemic states. Regardless of glycemic state, histidine-derived metabolites accumulated during late development in fetal tissues and maternal plasma. Our rich dataset presents a comprehensive overview of in vivo fetal tissue metabolism and alterations occurring as a result of maternal hyperglycemia.
University of California, Los Angeles
DepartmentBiological Chemistry
LaboratoryHeather Christofk
Last NameMatulionis
First NameNedas
Address615 Charles E Young Drive South Los Angeles, CA, 90095
Submit Date2023-09-25
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)raw(Thermo)
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2023-12-08
Release Version1
Nedas Matulionis Nedas Matulionis application/zip

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Combined analysis:

Analysis ID AN004715 AN004716
Analysis type MS MS
Chromatography type HILIC HILIC
Chromatography system Thermo Vanquish Thermo Vanquish
Column SeQuant ZIC-HILIC (150 x 2.1mm,5um) SeQuant ZIC-HILIC (150 x 2.1mm,5um)
MS instrument type Orbitrap Orbitrap
MS instrument name Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap Thermo Q Exactive Orbitrap
Units Peak Area Peak Area


Chromatography ID:CH003551
Chromatography Summary:Dried metabolites were reconstituted in 100 µL of a 50% acetonitrile (ACN) 50% dH20 solution. Samples were vortexed and spun down for 10 min at 17,000g. 70 µL of the supernatant was then transferred to HPLC glass vials. 10 µL of these metabolite solutions were injected per analysis. Samples were run on a Vanquish (Thermo Scientific) UHPLC system with mobile phase A (20mM ammonium carbonate, pH 9.7) and mobile phase B (100% ACN) at a flow rate of 150 µL/min on a SeQuant ZIC-pHILIC Polymeric column (2.1 × 150 mm 5 μm, EMD Millipore) at 35°C. Separation was achieved with a linear gradient from 20% A to 80% A in 20 min followed by a linear gradient from 80% A to 20% A from 20 min to 20.5 min. 20% A was then held from 20.5 min to 28 min.
Instrument Name:Thermo Vanquish
Column Name:SeQuant ZIC-HILIC (150 x 2.1mm,5um)
Column Temperature:35°C
Flow Gradient:Separation was achieved with a linear gradient from 20% A to 80% A in 20 min followed by a linear gradient from 80% A to 20% A from 20 min to 20.5 min. 20% A was then held from 20.5 min to 28 min.
Flow Rate:150 µL/min
Solvent A:100% water; 20 mM ammonium carbonate, pH 9.7
Solvent B:100% acetonitrile
Chromatography Type:HILIC