Summary of Study ST002106

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR001335. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M85416 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


This study contains a large results data set and is not available in the mwTab file. It is only available for download via FTP as data file(s) here.

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Study IDST002106
Study TitleGenetic and chemical validation of Plasmodium falciparum aminopeptidase PfA-M17 as a drug target in the hemoglobin digestion pathway (Part 1)
Study SummaryPlasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of malaria, continues to remain a global health threat since these parasites are now resistant to all anti-malaria drugs used throughout the world. Accordingly, drugs with novel modes of action are desperately required to combat malaria. P. falciparum parasites infect human red blood cells where they digest the hosts main protein constituent, hemoglobin. Leucine aminopeptidase PfA-M17 is one of several aminopeptidases that have been implicated in the last step of this digestive pathway. Here we utilize both reverse genetics and a compound specifically designed to inhibit the activity of PfA-M17 to show that PfA-M17 is essential for P. falciparum survival as it provides parasites with free amino acids for growth, many of which are highly likely to originate from hemoglobin. We further show that our inhibitor is on-target for PfA-M17 and has the ability to kill parasites at nanomolar concentrations. Thus, in contrast to other hemoglobin-degrading proteases that have overlapping redundant functions, we validate PfA-M17 as a potential novel drug target.
Monash University
Last NameSiddiqui
First NameGhizal
Address381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Melbourne, Victoria, 3052, Australia
Submit Date2022-03-16
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)raw(Thermo)
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2022-04-04
Release Version1
Ghizal Siddiqui Ghizal Siddiqui application/zip

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Sample Preparation:

Sampleprep ID:SP002197
Sampleprep Summary:Heparin synchronized Pf3D7 and PfM17-HAglmS parasites were allowed to invade RBC for 4 h and any remaining schizonts were lysed by sorbitol synchronization. Parasite cultures were then treated for ~ 36 h with 2.5 mM GlcN or for 1 h with 3 at 10x the EC50 (Pf3D7 only) or left untreated. Parasites were harvested at developmentally similar timepoints by centrifugation at 900 g for 5 min and then resuspended in 10 mL of chilled PBS. Parasite metabolism was quenched by cooling samples to between 3-5°C in an ethanol-dry ice bath. The rest of the preparation was performed at 4°C. Parasites were magnet purified on a VarioMACS column and 3x107 parasites were used for downstream analysis. All samples were centrifuged at 650 g for 3 min, the supernatant was removed, and the pellet washed in 500 µL of ice-cold PBS. Samples were again centrifuged at 650 g for 3 min and pellets were resuspended in 150 µL of ice-cold extraction buffer (100% methanol) and quickly resuspended. The samples were then incubated on a vortex mixer for 1 h at 4°C before being centrifuged at 17,000 g for 10 min; from this 100 µL of supernatant was collected and stored at -80°C until analysis. For each sample, another 10 µL was collected and pooled, to serve as a quality control (QC) sample.