Summary of Study ST001393

This data is available at the NIH Common Fund's National Metabolomics Data Repository (NMDR) website, the Metabolomics Workbench,, where it has been assigned Project ID PR000956. The data can be accessed directly via it's Project DOI: 10.21228/M84386 This work is supported by NIH grant, U2C- DK119886.


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Study IDST001393
Study TitleSea-ice diatom compatible solute shifts
Study TypeCompatible solutes were quantified in sea-ice diatoms
Study SummarySea-ice algae provide an important source of primary production in polar regions, yet we have limited understanding of their responses to the seasonal cycling of temperature and salinity. Using a targeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approach, we found that axenic cultures of the Antarctic sea-ice diatom, Nitzschia lecointei, displayed large differences in their metabolomes when grown in a matrix of conditions that included temperatures of –1 and 4°C, and salinities of 32 and 41, despite relatively small changes in growth rate. Temperature exerted a greater effect than salinity on cellular metabolite pool sizes, though the N- or S-containing compatible solutes, 2,3-dihydroxypropane-1-sulfonate (DHPS), glycine betaine (GBT), dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), and proline responded strongly to both temperature and salinity, suggesting complexity in their control. We saw the largest (> 4 fold) response to salinity for proline. DHPS, a rarely studied but potential compatible solute, reached the highest intracellular compatible solute concentrations of ~ 85 mM. When comparing the culture findings to natural Arctic sea-ice diatom communities, we found extensive overlap in metabolite profiles, highlighting the relevance of culture-based studies to probe environmental questions. Large changes in sea-ice diatom metabolomes and compatible solutes over a seasonal cycle could be significant components of biogeochemical cycling within sea ice.
University of Washington
DepartmentSchool of Oceanography
LaboratoryIngalls Lab
Last NameDawson
First NameHannah
Address1501 NE Boat Street, Marine Science Building, Room G, Seattle, WA 98195
Submit Date2020-03-24
PublicationsDawson et al., Elementa
Raw Data AvailableYes
Raw Data File Type(s)mzXML
Analysis Type DetailLC-MS
Release Date2020-09-29
Release Version1
Hannah Dawson Hannah Dawson application/zip

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Sample Preparation:

Sampleprep ID:SP001475
Sampleprep Summary:Each sample was extracted using a modified Bligh-Dyer extraction. Briefly, filters were cut up and put into 15 mL teflon centrifuge tubes containing a mixture of 100 µm and 400 µm silica beads. Heavy isotope-labeled internal standards were added along with ~2 mL of cold aqueous solvent (50:50 methanol:water) and ~3 mL of cold organic solvent (dichloromethane). The samples were shaken on a FastPrep-24 Homogenizer for 30 seconds and chilled in a -20 °C freezer repeatedly for three cycles of bead-beating and a total of 30 minutes of chilling. The organic and aqueous layers were separated by spinning samples in a centrifuge at 4,300 rpm for 2 minutes at 4 °C. The aqueous layer was removed to a new glass centrifuge tube. The remaining organic fraction was rinsed three more times with additions of 1 to 2 mL of 50:50 methanol:water. All aqueous rinses were combined for each sample and dried down under N2 gas. The remaining organic layer was transferred into a clean glass centrifuge tube and the remaining bead beating tube was rinsed two more times with cold organic solvent. The combined organic rinses were centrifuged, transferred to a new tube, and dried under N2 gas. Dried aqueous fractions were re-dissolved in 380 µL of water. Dried organic fractions were re-dissolved in 380 µL of 1:1 water:acetonitrile. 20 µL of isotope-labeled injection standards in water were added to both fractions. Blank filters were extracted alongside samples as methodological blanks.
Processing Storage Conditions:On ice
Extraction Method:Bligh-Dyer
Extract Storage:-80℃